Forum > A. Logic

What is an argument?

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Matheist:
An argument is a claim with reasons that are supported by evidence.

Step 1 : Direct argument

Claim + Reasons + Supporting Evidence

Step 2 : Counter-argument

An opposing argument.

Step 3 : Rebuttal argument

Evidence that disagrees with the counter-argument.


Structure

Premise 1: . . . . . . . . . . .

Premise 2: . . . . . . . . . . .

Conclusion: . . . . . . . . . .


Questions for cross-examination

1. What are the issue and the conclusion?

2. What are the reasons?

3. Which words or phrases are ambiguous?

4. What are the value conflicts and assumptions?

5. What are the descriptive assumptions?

6. Are there any fallacies in the reasoning?

7. How good is the evidence?

8. Are there rival causes?

9. Are the statistic deceptive?

10. What significant information is omitted?

11. What reasonable conclusions are possible?


The context of an argument

Step 1 : We are responsible for its interpretation. (75:19); ELSE Shirk.

"We" = Sunnatullah // LordLaw of Nature // Math + E + Ism

Step 2 : [MATH] Law of Nature (Sunnatullah)

Quranic Metaphysics: What is the REALITY for your argument?

Step 3 : [E] Natural Person (Revelation)

Quranic Epistemology: What is the KNOWLEDGE for your argument?

Step 4 : [ISM] Natural Law (Tawba)

Quranic Axiology: What is the VALUE for your argument?

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